11. A physical therapist is caring for an infant that has recently been diagnosed with a congenital heart defect. Which of the following clinical signs would most likely be present?
A: Slow pulse rate
B: Weight gain
C: Decreased systolic pressure
D: Irregular WBC lab values
12. A mother has recently been informed that her child has Down's syndrome. You will be evaluating the patient in the afternoon. Which of the following characteristics is not associated with Down's syndrome?
A: Simian crease
C: Oily skin
13. A patient asks a physical therapist, "My doctor recommended I increase my intake of folic acid. What type of foods contain folic acids?"
A: Green vegetables and liver
B: Yellow vegetables and red meat
14. A patient has developed trochanteric bursitis that has gone untreated for 5 weeks. The patient is 34 years old. Which of the following Ultrasound settings is most appropriate?
A: Pulsed US at 3MHz
B: Pulsed US at 1MHz
C: Continuous US at 3MHz
D: Continuous US at 1MHz
15. A child is 5 years old and has been recently admitted into the hospital. According to Erickson which of the following stages is the child in?
A: Trust vs. mistrust
B: Initiative vs. guilt
C: Autonomy vs. shame
D: Intimacy vs. isolation
16. When you are taking a patient's history, she tells you she has been depressed and is dealing with an anxiety disorder. Which of the following medications would the patient most likely be taking?
17. A patient's chart indicates a history of hyperkalemia. Which of the following would you not expect to see with this patient if this condition were acute?
A: Decreased HR
C: Muscle weakness of the extremities
18. A patient's chart indicates a history of meningitis. Which of the following would you not expect to see with this patient if this condition were acute?
A: Increased appetite
D: Poor tolerance of light
19. A fragile 87 year-old female has recently been admitted to the hospital with increased confusion and falls over last 2 weeks. She is also noted to have a mild left hemiparesis. Which of the following tests is most likely to be performed?
A: FBC (full blood count)
B: ECG (electrocardiogram)
C: Thyroid function tests
D: CT scan
20. A physical therapist is evaluating an adult that has recently been diagnosed with hypokalemia. Which of the following clinical signs would most likely not be present?
A: Leg cramps
B: Respiratory distress
D: Flaccid paralysis
NPTE Answer Key
11.(B) Weight gain is associated with CHF and congenital heart deficits.
12.(C) The skin would be dry and not oily.
13.(A) Green vegetables and liver are a great source of folic acid.
14.(D) Continous setting would be used for the chronic inflammation and deep settings of 1 MHz. 15.(B) Initiative vs. guilt- 3-6 years old
16.(A) Elavil is a tricyclic antidepressant.
17.(D) Answer choices A-C were symptoms of acute hyperkalemia.
18.(A) Loss of appetite would be expected.
19.(D) A CT scan would be performed for further investigation of the hemiparesis.
20.(D) Flaccid paralysis is an indication of Hyperkalemia.